About Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells

What is Umbilical Cord Blood?

Cord blood, also called “placental blood”, is blood that remains in the umbilical cord and placenta following the birth of a baby. During pregnancy, the umbilical cord functions as a lifeline between mother and child. After a baby’s delivery, the cord blood present in the umbilical cord could offer hope for the child or members of the family.

What is Cord Blood Stem Cell?

Cord blood is a rich source of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), which are primarily responsible for replenishing blood and regenerating the immune system. They have the unique ability to differentiate into various cell types found in blood as depicted in the diagram below:

Blood and immune cells

Red Blood Cells (RBCs) or erythrocytes
Red Blood Cell

Carry oxygen to all the cells of the body

White Blood Cells (WBCs) or leukocytes
White Blood Cell

Fight Infection

Platelets or thrombocytes
Platelets

Helps in clotting of blood