Why you need cord blood banking

Cord blood banking basically involves collecting and storing the blood from within the umbilical cord as soon as a baby is born. The umbilical cord is part of the placenta that delivers various nutrients to the fetus when it is inside the mother’s womb. Cord blood contains stem cells that are responsible for forming blood. They are used for treating diseases like leukemia or lymphoma, aplastic anemia, severe combined immunodeficiency and severe sickle cell disease. All of these diseases require stem cell or bone marrow transplants.

Stem cells act as the building blocks of blood and the immune system. Cord blood is a rich source of these cells, which have the ability to develop into different type of cells, helping in the repair of blood vessels, organs and tissue. Since stem cells can treat a host of diseases, a healthy donor can help create a new immune system and produce fresh blood, giving the patient a better chance at a full recovery. Also, matching cord blood is easier than other stem cells, since they are at a lower risk of being rejected after transfusion.

Cord blood stem cells can be stored in public or private blood banks. The former type stores and provides cord blood cells for any patient in need, irrespective of whether the individual is related to the donor or not. In the latter case, while private storage could be an expensive affair, you can stay assured that the cord blood will be preserved only for use for the donor and his/her family members.